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First Aid - Hypothermia


First aid - Hypothermia

Under most conditions your body maintains a healthy temperature. However, when exposed to cold temperatures or to a cool, damp environment for prolonged periods, your body's control mechanisms may fail to keep your body temperature normal. When more heat is lost than your body can generate, hypothermia can result.

Wet or inadequate clothing, falling into cold water, and even having an uncovered head during cold weather can all increase your chances of hypothermia.

Hypothermia is defined as an internal body temperature less than 95 F (35 C). Signs and symptoms include:

Signs and symptoms usually develop slowly. People with hypothermia typically experience gradual loss of mental acuity and physical ability, so they may be unaware that they need emergency medical treatment.

Older adults, infants, young children and people who are very lean are at particular risk. Other people at higher risk of hypothermia include those whose judgment may be impaired by mental illness or Alzheimer's disease and people who are intoxicated, homeless or caught in cold weather because their vehicles have broken down. Other conditions that may predispose people to hypothermia are malnutrition, cardiovascular disease and an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism).

To care for someone with hypothermia:

  1. Call for emergency medical assistance. While waiting for help to arrive, monitor the person's breathing. If breathing stops or seems dangerously slow or shallow, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately.
  2. Move the person out of the cold. If going indoors isn't possible, protect the person from the wind, cover his or her head, and insulate his or her body from the cold ground.
  3. Remove wet clothing. Replace wet things with a warm, dry covering.
  4. Don't apply direct heat. Don't use hot water, a heating pad or a heating lamp to warm the victim. Instead, apply warm compresses to the neck, chest wall and groin. Don't attempt to warm the arms and legs. Heat applied to the arms and legs forces cold blood back toward the heart, lungs and brain, causing the core body temperature to drop. This can be fatal.
  5. Don't give the person alcohol. Offer warm nonalcoholic drinks, unless the person is vomiting.
  6. Don't massage or rub the person. Handle people with hypothermia gently, because they're at risk of cardiac arrest.


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Son çeyrek yüzyılda modern yaşam tarzının getirdiği, kötü beslenme, hareketsizlik ve stres etkileri yaşamımızın dengesini alt üst etmiş durumdadır. Bu gibi nedenlerden dolayı çağımızda hastalıklarda artışlar görülmüştür. Tıp ilerlemesine rağmen, her derde deva olamamıştır. Bu gelişmeler üzerine asıl çarenin doğada olduğu anlaşılmıştır. Eskiden "kocakarı ilaçları" olarak tabir edilen yöntemlerin, günümüzde Alternatif Tıp inceleme alanına girmesi ile bitkilerin vucudumuz üzerindeki olumlu etkileri de kanıtlanmıştır. Doğadaki meyveler, sebzeler, baharatlar ve şifalı bitkiler bizlere doğanın bir hediyesi, yaradanın bir ikramıdır. Bizim bu ikramdan yararlanmamız alternatif tıbbın ortaya çıkışına ortam hazırlamıştır.

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